Nomonanoto Show

Friday, July 21, 2017

Image result for ArmywormsCrisis overview
The Fall Armyworms infestation worsened significantly in June in Ethiopia, with 145,000 hectares of land affected – compared to 53,000 hectares at the end of May. The infestation, which affected at least 16 other African countries and millions of people since late 2016, has spread to at least six states out of 11 in Ethiopia, and is likely to spread further. Three to four million hectares of maize crops are expected to be affected at this rate. The Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ State (SNNPS) is the most affected by livelihoods loss, with about 100,000 people (or 20,000 households) affected. This region was already one of the most affected by drought since 2015, causing food insecurity. As the next belg harvests are planned for August, the impact on food security will be clearer then. The impact on meher yields will be seen in October, during harvest season.
Key findings
Anticipated scope and scale
Fall Armyworms spread rapidly and further damage to crops is to be expected. Two million hectares are at risk of infestation. Three to four million metric tons of grain could be lost due to Fall Armyworms.
Food availability will be reduced throughout the country as a result, aggravating the existing food and nutrition needs in Ethiopia. The next harvest – delayed from June to August due to drought – will indicate the extent of the impact of the armyworm outbreak.
Key priorities
  • Livelihoods: at least 145,000 hectares of land have already been affected throughout Ethiopia.
  • Food security: Food prices are expected to increase due to decreased yields from harvest.
Humanitarian constraints
The government has strict control over humanitarian organisations, particularly those who have international funding.
Read more here

Friday, June 30, 2017

የኦሮሚያን የአዲስ አበባ ልዩ ጥቅም አስመልክቶ የተዘጋጀው ረቂቅ አዋጅ በሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ፀደቀ

የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት የኦሮሚያ ክልል በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ ላይ ያለውን ሕገ መንግሥታዊ ልዩ ጥቅም አስመልክቶ የተዘጋጀው ረቂቅ አዋጅ ማክሰኞ ሰኔ 20 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም. አፀደቀ፡፡
የኢፌዴሪ ሕገ መንግሥቱ አንቀጽ 49 ንዑስ አንቀስ 5 ላይ ‹‹የኦሮሚያ ክልል የአገልግሎት አቅርቦት ወይም የተፈጥሮ ሀብት አጠቃቀምና የመሳሰሉትን ጉዳዮች በተመለከተ እንዲሁም አዲስ አበባ በኦሮሚያ ክልል መሀል የምትገኝ በመሆኗ የሚነሱ ሁለቱን የሚያስተሳስሩ አስተዳደራዊ ጉዳዮችን በተመለከተ ያለው ልዩ ጥቅም ይጠበቅለታል፡፡ ዝርዝሩ በሕግ ይወሰናል፤›› በማለት ተደንግጎ ይገኛል፡፡
‹‹የኦሮሚያ ክልል በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ ያለውን ልዩ ጥቅም በሕገ መንግሥቱ እንዲሰፍር ያደረጉት የኦሮሞን ሕዝብ ጨምሮ መላው የአገራችን ሕዝቦች ናቸው፡፡ የመረጡት የፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሥርዓት የፌዴራል መንግሥትና የክልሎች መንግሥታት እንደሚኖሩ የሚደነግግ በመሆኑ፣ የፌዴራል መንግሥቱ መቀመጫ የሆነች ከተማ መመረጥ ስለነበረበትም የኦሮሞ ሕዝብም ሆነ መላው የአገራችን ሕዝቦች በኦሮሚያ ክልል እንብርት ላይ ያለችውን አዲስ አበባ ከተማን የፌዴራሉ መንግሥት መቀመጫ አድርጎ መርጠዋታል፡፡ ይህም በሕገ መንግሥቱ እንዲሰፍር አድርገዋል፤›› ያለው ሰኔ 20 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም. የወጣውና በኢሕአዴግ ይፋዊ የፌስቡክ ድረ ገጽ ላይ የታተመው መግለጫ፣ ይህንን ጉዳይ በዝርዝር ሕግ መመለስ የሚያስፈልግ በመሆኑ የሕገ መንግሥቱን መንፈስ ተከትሎ ዝርዝሩ እንዲሠራ መደረጉን ያመለክታል፡፡
ለተጨማሪ ንባብ

የሲዳማዋ ዋና ከተማ ሃዋሳ እና ሆቴሎቿ

Thursday, June 29, 2017

My research stay in Ethiopia: I learn from the indigenous knowledge of the local people

I am Shibire Bekele from Ethiopia, Studying MSc. In Tropical Forest Management in TU Dresden, Germany.
Agroforestry system
I am working in my master thesis on financial analysis of smallholder’s woodlot and homestead agroforestry systems in Southern Ethiopia. The thesis is integrated under the WoodCluster project and supervised by Prof. Jürgen Pretzsch from TU Dresden and co-supervisor Dr. Tsegaye Bekele from Hawaasa University, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources. I am interested to work under this theme as most farmers in Ethiopia use their land based on the previous land use where only some of them consider the market factors of their production. Analyzing profitability of woodlots and homestead agroforestry system will help the local land owners to plan on the farming system which rewards the household with more financial profit.
It is a great pleasure to collect my data in Sidama Zone, Ethiopia, where about 84 languages are spoken. Unluckily, I don’t speak the local language of Sidama which is spoken in my study area and it feels strange to work with a translator in my own country. It was also a big opportunity for me to learn the beautiful culture of Sidama.
Focus group discussion
Most of the interviewees were hospitable and open minded to provide data but some households have fear and ask questions: whether I come from the government office and who will use the data. My translator had to explain that I am a student and I need the data for my thesis. If there were no further questions we continued if they agreed.
Unforgettable day!! Demakese – (Ocimum lamifolium)
Shibire with herbs as traditional medicine on her hand
The day I got ill in the village was an unforgettable moment of data collection! I felt that we already became a family. When somebody is ill all of a sudden, they say it’s “mich”, an infection of fever with headache and mouth bliste. The locals medicate it with the herb called Demakese (Ocimum lamifolium). It is used to treat coughs and colds. The fresh leaves are squeezed and the juice sniffed.
 Read more about his work here
Quantifying the hydrologic response of land use/land cover change (LULCC) is of paramount importance to improve land management. This study was carried out to analyze the effect of LULCC on water quality and quantity. LULCC of the watershed in 1986, 1999 and 2011 was analyzed from Landsat satellite images using supervised classification. Time series and point data were collected from the upper and lower sections of Wedesa, Wesha and Hallo RiversWater quality parameters (turbidity, suspended solid (SS), total dissolved solid (TDS), pH, electric conductivity (EC), total organic carbon (TOC), ammonia, nitrate and phosphate) were analyzed in the laboratory. A considerable decline in forest and an increase in woodland were observed in the watershed during the indicated periods. Turbidity, SS, TDS and EC were significantly higher (< 0.05) in the lower section of the rivers compared to the upper ones. Ammonia, nitrate and phosphate were higher in the lower section of some rivers compared to the upper ones. In general, water quality in the upper watershed of the three rivers was better than the lower one with respect to considered parameters, which might be related to the observed LULCC. Most water quality parameters varied (< 0.05) seasonally in both the upper and lower sections of the rivers. Despite the irregular rainfall pattern and increased water consumption from the catchment, the annual discharge of the Tikur-Wuha River to Lake Hawassa shows an increasing trend. We concluded that the discharge is not only related to the upstream LULCC but also to the management of the Cheleleka wetland. However, further investigation is required to determine the dominant factors affecting inflow discharge to Lake Hawassa.