Nomonanoto Show

Friday, July 31, 2015

US President Barack Obama made history this week by becoming the first sitting president to visit Ethiopia and to deliver a speech before the African Union.

Obama's plan to visit Ethiopia was rebuked by human right advocates who argued that it would award undue praise to the Ethiopian government, which has pursued a crackdown on local media workers resulting in dozens of detentions and multi-year prison sentences, including the jailing of six members of the Global Voices community. The ruling party also secured 100% of parliamentary seats in the May 2015 elections, leaving Ethiopians suspicious that authorities had interfered with electoral systems.

The tone of the disappointment and anger began to ease after the release of several bloggers and journalists prior to the arrival of President Obama.

President Barack Obama and Ethiopia Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn hold a press conference at the National Palace
Barack Obama and PM Hailemariam Desalegn hold a press conference at the National Palace. Public Domain photo by the White House.

During his visit, President Obama and PM Desalegn were joined for a state dinner by prominent Ethiopian figures including artists, sportsmen and politicians. However, the leader of the Ethiopian Blue Party Yilikal Getnet turned down an invitation to the dinner, saying “it would amount to taking part in a luxurious dinner while millions suffer in Ethiopia.”

Displeased with President Obama's support for the Ethiopian government, Jawar Mohammed, a prominent advocate in Ethiopia-Oromo affairs, wrote on Facebook:

The US is now firmly and officially endorsing authoritarianism in Ethiopia

When we look at the statements by US officials Donald Booth (former ambassador to Ethiopia who said the 2010 election was good enough), Wendy Sherman (Deputy Secretary of State), Susan Rice (national security adviser) and now president Obama who in his speech twice declared the regime is democratically elected, we reach a conclusion that the United States [has] decided to publicly align itself with the Ethiopian authoritarian regime, both in words and deeds. The US has always supported this regime practically through massive aid, however, even George Bush's administration maintained verbal criticism of the authoritarian nature of the regime. The US has now gone blunt as Obama's administration has officially and openly endorsed the ‘developmental dictatorship’ narrative. Why is that?

1) Somalia- after the attempt to replace Ethiopia by Kenya and Uganda as its own extended hand for messing with Somalia's internal affairs failed to produce result, America is now back to the old tactic of fully relying on Ethiopian army and intelligence.

2) China- While US remains increasingly dependent on Ethiopia for its security interest, China has developed unmatched influence in the economy. William Davison nicely summarized this reality in his latest report, writing ” When Barack Obama became the first sitting President of the United States to touch down in Ethiopia’s capital on Sunday evening, it was at an airport being upgraded using a $250-million Chinese loan. His convoy then zipped along a six-lane urban expressway, also funded by the Export-Import Bank of China, to Meskel Square, where the two lines of a new Chinese-built electric railway intersect. Towering over the capital’s southwest, he may have spotted the headquarters of the African Union, a $200 million giveaway from China’s leaders.”


US President Barack Obama's visit to Ethiopia, which saw him speak out against democratic restrictions, was positive but Washington must maintain pressure on the government, an Ethiopian opposition figure said Wednesday.

"I was not in favour of his coming, but (the visit) exposed Ethiopia and its government," said Merera Gudina, the vice-president of the opposition Medrek party, hailing the media and NGO interest generated by Obama's remarks.

"I think the cause of democracy benefited from this," Gudina said.

"But we have to wait for the follow-up. If the US really means business, they have a lot of leverage with the Ethiopian government. But the US needs Ethiopia on the war on terror. It's a major ally in the Horn of Africa," he said, adding that he feared Obama's comments were "only for public relations."

Obama was in Ethiopia on Monday and Tuesday, making the first-ever visit to the country by a US president.

On Tuesday he became the first US leader to address the Addis Ababa-headquartered African Union.

Obama delivered a blunt appraisal of Ethiopia's democracy deficit but said it would not scuttle the two countries' close security and political relationship.

"There is still more work to do, and I think the prime minister is the first to admit there is still more to do," Obama said during a joint news conference on Monday with Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, whose party won 100 percent of seats in parliament two months ago.

Rights groups had warned that Obama's visit could add credibility to a government they accuse of suppressing democratic rights -- including the jailing of journalists and critics -- with anti-terrorism legislation said to be used to stifle peaceful dissent.

But Hailemariam pushed back against criticism his government has quashed opposition voices and suppressed press freedom.

"Our commitment to democracy is real and not skin deep," he said, adding that Ethiopia is a "fledgling democracy, we are coming out of centuries of undemocratic practices".


Thursday, July 30, 2015

Caroline White
Thursday, 30 July 2015

A planned caesarean section birth is ‘safest’ for breech delivery, but the absolute risks of vaginal delivery are small, reveals an analysis* of the available published evidence in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
The best way to deal with breech babies is the subject of ongoing debate, as C-section is not without risk. The researchers therefore pooled the data from 27 relevant studies, involving just short of 259,000 women, to find out the absolute and relative risks of death and complications associated with planned vaginal breech delivery up to seven days after the birth.
The analysis suggests that the overall perinatal mortality in the planned vaginal delivery and planned caesarean section groups for a term breech baby were 253 (0.3%) and 79 (0.05%), respectively.
In other words, the absolute risks of perinatal mortality in planned vaginal and planned caesarean deliveries were about 1 in 300 and 1 in 2,000, respectively.
These results were lower than the perinatal mortality rates associated with a vaginal delivery where the baby was positioned head first in a WHO study. This found the risk of foetal and neonatal death was 0.39 and 0.38%, respectively.
Furthermore, the absolute risks of neurological problems, birth trauma, 5 minute Apgar score of less than seven, and neonatal asphyxia were 0.7%, 0.7%, 2.4% and 3.3%, respectively.
Study co-author Yifru Berhan, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ethiopia, commented: “Our results show that the relative risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity was between 2 and 5 times higher in planned vaginal breech delivery compared to planned caesarean section birth. However, the absolute risks were very small.”
He added: “Although the controversy is still unresolved, our study substantiates the practice of individualised decision making around delivering a breech baby. Future research should focus on a comparative study on vaginal breech and non-breech delivery.”
Professor Alan Cameron, Vice President of Clinical Quality for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG), commented: “The College currently recommends that caesarean delivery is the safest mode of delivery for the baby when in a breech position.
“However, there are benefits and risks associated with both caesarean delivery and vaginal breech birth, and women are encouraged to discuss and weigh up the options with their obstetrician so they can choose the best plan for themselves and their baby.”
Royal College of Midwives practice and standards professional advisor, Mervi Jokinen, added: “This is an interesting topic where some studies have had a significant impact in changing practice, reducing women’s choice, and to some extent contributing to the rising numbers of caesarean sections globally.”

She continued: “The authors conclude even combining all the studies does not necessarily give the right answers on an individual level. All births carry an element of risk, however small.
“The important issue here is that women are aware of the evidence around breech birth, including the risks and the benefits of either a vaginal delivery or caesarean, so that they can make a decision about how they want to give birth. It is important that they discuss this with their midwife or doctor.”

Read more at:

Sunday, July 26, 2015

Image result for coffeeየቡናን ዘርፍን በበላይነት እንዲመራ የሚቋቋመው የኢትዮጵያ የቡናና ሻይ ልማትና ግብይት ባለሥልጣን፣ ተጠሪነቱ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት እንዲሆን ጥያቄ ቀረበ፡፡ 
ባለሥልጣኑን ለማቋቋም የተዘጋጀው የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ረቂቅ ደንብ እንደሚለው ባለሥልጣኑ ተጠሪነቱ ለግብርና ሚኒስቴር ነው፡፡
ሰሞኑን የኢትዮጵያ ቡና ላኪዎች ማኅበር በረቂቅ ደንቡ ላይ ለመወያየት ባዘጋጀው መድረክ ላይ ቡና ላኪዎች፣ ባለሥልጣኑ ለግብርና ሚኒስቴርም ሆነ ለንግድ ሚኒስቴር ተጠሪ ከሆነ ቀደም ሲል ከነበረው የተሻለ አደረጃጀትም ሆነ ሥልጣን አይኖረውም ብለዋል፡፡
ዘርፉ ያለበት ችግር የተወሳሰበ በመሆኑ ተጠሪነቱ በቀጥታ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት እንዲሆን ነጋዴዎቹ አሳስበዋል፡፡
አገሪቱ ትልቁን የውጭ ምንዛሪ የምታገኝበት የቡና ዘርፍ በተለይ ልማቱ በግብርና ሚኒስቴር፣ ግብይቱ ደግሞ በንግድ ሚኒስቴር ሆኖ ቆይቷል፡፡ የቡና ዘርፍ በእነዚህ መዋቅሮች በሚተዳደርበት ወቅት በተከታታይ ዓመታት ከቡና ዘርፍ ትልቅ ገቢ ለማግኘት ቢታቀድም፣ ጠንካራ የማስፈጸም አቅም ያለው የቡና ዘርፍ አመራር ባለመኖሩ ዕቅዱን በስኬት ማጀብ አለመቻሉ ይነገራል፡፡
ይህንን ችግር ለመፍታት የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ከመደረጋቸውም በተጨማሪ፣ ጥናቶቹን ያካሄዱ ኤክስፐርቶች የኮሎምቢያንና የጓቲማላን ልምድ ለመቅሰም የተለያዩ ጉዞዎችን አድርገዋል፡፡ በመጨረሻ የተደረሰበት ውሳኔ በደርግ መንግሥት ዘመን ዘርፉን ሲመራ የነበረውን የቡናና ሻይ ባለሥልጣን መልሶ ማቋቋም ሆኗል፡፡
የቀድሞ ቡናና ሻይ ባለሥልጣን፣ በአሁኑ ወቅት ለግል ኩባንያዎች የተላለፉት በበቃ፣ ሊሙና ቴፒ  እርሻ ልማት ድርጅቶችን ጨምሮ ያስተዳድር ነበር፡፡
አዲሱ ተቋም የሚያስተዳድረው እርሻ ባይኖርም፣ አገሪቱ የምታመርተውን የቡና ምርት ማሳደግና የተወሳሰበውን የቡና ግብይት ወደ ተሻለ ደረጃ ማሳደግ ይጠበቅበታል፡፡ ረቂቅ ደንቡ በተጨማሪም ሙሉ ሥልጣን ሰጥቶታል፡፡
ላለፉት ዓመታት መንግሥት ከቡና ዘርፍ ብዙ ቢጠበቅም ባለበት ከመሄድ አልፎም ዝቅ ያለ የሥራ አፈጻጸም ሲያስመዘግብ ቆይቷል፡፡
በተጠናቀቀው በጀት ዓመት ከዘርፉ 191 ሺሕ ሜትሪክ ቶን ቡና ወደ ውጭ በመላክ 1.2 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ለማግኘት ታቅዶ ነበር፡፡ ነገር ግን በበጀት ዓመቱ 184 ሺሕ ሜትሪክ ቶን ተልኮ 780 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ተገኝቷል፡፡ ይህ ገቢ ከአምናው በ61 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ብልጫ ቢኖረውም፣ ዕቅዱ ላይ መድረስ አልቻለም፡፡
የዘርፍ ተዋናዮች እንደሚሉት በቡና የውጭ ገበያ በዓመቱ መጀመርያ ከፍተኛ ችግር የነበረ ሲሆን፣ የበጀት ዓመቱ ሊጠናቀቅ አቅራቢያ የዓለም የቡና ዋጋ ከፍ በማለቱ የተወሰነ ለውጥ መጥቷል፡፡
መንግሥት በቡና ዘርፍ ግብይት በየዓመቱ አሥር በመቶ ዕድገት ለማስመዝገብ ቢያቅድም፣ በተለይ በንግድ ሚኒስቴር ሥር በአንድ አነስተኛ ዲፓርትመንትት የሚመራ በመሆኑ ዕቅዱን መሳካት አለመቻሉ በቡና ላኪዎች ማኅበር ውይይት ላይ ተገልጿል፡፡
ባለሀብቶቹ በማኅበራቸው አማካይነት ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ጋር በቅርቡ በጉዳዩ ላይ ይመክራሉ ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡

ምንጭ፦ ሪፖርተር ጋዜጣ 
2015 good food awards
The 5th Annual Good Food Awards Ceremony took place last night in San Francisco, honoring coffee roasters alongside craft producers in categories such as beer, cheese, spirits, oils and preserves. Sixteen winning single-origin coffees from 16 U.S. roasteries were deemed award-worthy out of a pool of 24 finalists. All but two coffees, both from Panama, came from either Ethiopia or Kenya.
The awards program has become one of the most influential in the coffee world, giving winners a chance to market the GFA seal and trumpet their coffees as the best of the best, both in terms of cup quality and sustainable and responsible practices. As its influence has grown and the growing program has gotten more competitive, so too has it taken some criticisms. (See our companion piece with GFA coffee awards committee chair Jen Apodaca to discuss how the program operates and what changes we might see moving forward.)

Without further ado, here are the 2015 Good Food Award Winning Coffees

Bean Fruit Coffee Co., Ethiopia Yirgacheffe Chele’lektu, Mississippi
Blue Bottle Coffee, Ethiopia Sidama Homacho Waeno, New York
Case Coffee Roasters, Kenya Muthonjo AA, Oregon
Four Barrel Coffee, Ethiopia Bulga, California
Kaldi’s Coffe Roasting Co., Ethiopia Dama, Missouri
Kuma Coffee, Panama Carmen Estate, Washington
Madcap Coffee, Ethiopia Reko, Michigan
Magpie Coffee Roasters, Kenya Gondo AB, Nevada
Metric Coffee Co., Kenya Kayu AB, Illinois
Metropolis Coffee Co., Ethiopia Sidamo Suke Quto & Ethiopia Yirgacheffe Aylele, Illinois
Noble Coffee Roasting, Ethiopian Shilcho, Oregon
Onyx Coffee Lab, Julio’s El Zapote Gesha, Arkansas
Panther Coffee Roasters, Kenya Kirura, Florida
ReAnimator Coffee, Ethiopia Aramo, Pennsylvania
Square One Coffee, Ethiopia Kore Kochore, Pennsylvania
Verve Coffee Roasters, Elida Estate Green-Tip Gesha, California