Nomonanoto Show

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

‹‹ቁጥራቸው ያልታወቀ ሰዎች ሲሞቱ በርካቶች የአካል ጉዳት ደርሶባቸዋል›› የታቦር ክፍለ ከተማ ነዋሪዎች
‹‹አንድ ሕፃን ልጅ ብቻ ሕይወቱ አልፏል››  የሐዋሳ ከተማ ፖሊስ
ምክንያቱ በውል ያልታወቀው የካቲት 14 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. ከምሽቱ 1፡30 ሰዓት ላይ በሐዋሳ ከተማ ታቦር ክፍለ ከተማ ታራ ቀበሌ አዲስ ከተማ ተብሎ በሚጠራው ሥፍራ የተነሳው ከፍተኛ የእሳት ቃጠሎ፣ ለግምት የሚያዳግት
ንብረት መውደሙን ተጎጂዎችና የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች ለሪፖርተር ገለጹ፡፡ የወደመው የንብረት ግምት በውል ባይታወቅም፣ ከ800 በላይ ሱቆች በመቃጠላቸው በርካታ ንብረት መውደሙን ግን የክልሉ ፖሊስ አረጋግጧል፡፡
የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎችና ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ባለሱቆች እንደገለጹት፣ ገበያው ከተመሠረተ ሦስት ዓመታት ሆኖታል፡፡ ቀኑ ሞቅ ያለ ገበያ የሚካሄድበት ከመሆኑ አንፃር፣ ከሌሎቹ ቀናት በተለየ ሁኔታ እያንዳንዱ ሱቅ በሸቀጣ ሸቀጦች ተሞልቷል፡፡ ነጋዴዎች ሙሉ ቀን ሲገበያዩ ውለው ሒሳባቸውን የሚሠሩት በነጋታው በዕለተ እሑድ በመሆኑ፣ አብዛኞዎቹ ከሽያጭ የሰበሰቡትን ገንዘብ እንኳን ይዘው አለመሄዳቸውን ተጎጂዎቹ ገልጸዋል፡፡
አደጋው የደረሰበት ሰዓት አብዛኛዎቹ ነጋዴዎች ሱቆቻቸውን ቆልፈው ወደ ቤታቸው የሚገቡበት በመሆኑና እሳቱ በፍጥነት ሱቆቹን በማዳረሱ፣ የተወሰነ ንብረት እንኳን ማዳን አለመቻሉን ገልጸዋል፡፡ ሐዋሳ ከተማ በተለይ የቱሪስቶችና የተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ዜጎች መዝናኛ ከተማ ከመሆኗ አንፃር፣ ድንገተኛ አደጋን ለመከላከል ልዩ ጥንቃቄ የሚያስፈልግ ቢሆንም፣ በቂ የሆነ የእሳት አደጋ መቆጣጠሪያ ባለመኖሩ ገበያው ሙሉ ለሙሉ ሊወድም መቻሉን ተናግረዋል፡፡
በርካታ ሚሊዮን ብሮች የሚገመት ንብረት መውደሙን የሚናገሩት ተጎጂዎቹ፣ የነበራቸውን ሀብት በሰዓታት ልዩነት ማጣታቸው ለከፍተኛ ችግር እንደዳረጋቸው ገልጸዋል፡፡
በእሳት አደጋው ቁጥራቸው በውል ባይታወቅም ብዙ ሰዎች ሳይሞቱ እንዳልቀሩ የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች ቢገልጹም፣ የክልሉ ፖሊስ አንድ ሕፃን ልጅ ብቻ ሕይወቱ አልፏል ብሏል፡፡ ነዋሪዎች ግን የፖሊስ ቁጥር እንዳልተዋጠላቸው ይናገራሉ፡፡ 
የክልሉ መንግሥት ለጊዜው ዕርዳታ እያደረገላቸው መሆኑን የገለጹት ተጎጂዎቹ፣ ራሱ ፈቅዶላቸው በጥሩ ሁኔታ ተደራጅተውበት የነበረ ንብረታቸው መውደሙን ተመልክቶ፣ ዕርዳታው እስከ መጨረሻው እንዳይለያቸው ጠይቀዋል፡፡ የክልሉ የፖሊስ ልዩ ኃይል ፈጥኖ በመድረስ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ዕርዳታ እንዳደረገላቸው የገለጹት ተጎጂዎቹ፣ ለአደጋ መከላከያ በተለይ እሳትና ድንገተኛ አደጋ ሲፈጠር በፍጥነት ደርሶ የሚታደግ የተደራጁ የተሽከርካሪዎች ዝግጅት እንደሚያስፈልግ ተናግረዋል፡፡ የከተማው ነዋሪዎች ተረባርበው ባገኙት ነገር ያደረጉትን ጥረት ተጎጂዎቹ አድንቀው፣ እነሱ ባይደርሱ ኖሮ እሳቱ ወደ ሌላው የከተማው ክፍል ሊተላለፍ ይችል እንደነበር አስረድተዋል፡፡
የሐዋሳ ክልል ፖሊስ ኮሚሽን አደጋው እንደደረሰ ፈጥኖ በመድረስ እሳቱን የማጥፋትና ሌሎች ችግሮች እንዳይደርሱ ልዩ ጥበቃ በማድረግ፣ ከኅብረተሰቡ ጋር ባደረገው መረባረብ እሳቱን በ30 ደቂቃ ውስጥ መቆጣጠር መቻሉን ምክትል ሳጅን ዓይንአዲስ ፈቃዱ ገልጸዋል፡፡ የተቃጠሉት የሱቆች ቁጥር ገና እየተጣራ መሆኑን ጠቁመው፣ ገበያው ሙሉ በሙሉ መውደሙንና የሱቆቹ ቁጥር እስከ 800 ሊደርስ እንደሚችል ግምታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡ የእሳቱ መነሻ ምክንያት ገና እየተጠራ መሆኑን የገለጹት ምክትል ሳጅን ዓይንአዲስ፣ አንድ ሰው እሳት ሲያቀጣጥል እንደነበር በደረሰ ጥቆማ በቁጥጥር ሥር ውሎ በምርመራ ላይ መሆኑን አስረድተዋል፡፡ የወደመውን ንብረት ግምት በተመለከተ በምርመራ ባለሙያዎች እየተጠና መሆኑን ገልጸዋል፡፡
የእሳት ቃጠሎ አደጋውን በሐዋሳ ማዘጋጃ ቤት የእሳትና ድንገተኛ አደጋዎች መከላከልና ባለሙያዎች በክልሉ ልዩ የፖሊስ ኃይል አድማ በታኝ ተሽከርካሪ፣ ከሕዝቡ ጋር በመተጋገዝ እሳቱን መቆጣጠር መቻሉን አክለዋል፡፡ በአደጋው የአንድ ዓመት ከስድስት ወር ሕፃን ሲሞት፣ አንዲት የ50 ዓመት ዕድሜ ያላቸው እናት የመቃጠል አደጋ ደርሶባቸው ለሕክምና ወደ አዲስ አበባ የካቲት 12 ሆስፒታል መላካቸውን አረጋግጠዋል፡፡
On 23 February 2015, Human Rights Watch released a statement calling on the World Bank to address human rights issues that were raised by an internal investigation that the bank conducted on its actions in Ethiopia. The report found numerous links between investment projects conducted by the World Bank and a number of Ethiopian government initiatives that are deemed discriminatory and counter to basic principles of human rights.
Source: unpo.org
Below is an article published by Human Rights Watch:
The World Bank should fully address serious human rights issues raised by the bank’s internal investigation into a project in Ethiopia, Human Rights Watch said in a letter to the bank’s vice president for Africa. The bank’s response to the investigation findings attempts to distance the bank from the many problems confirmed by the investigation and should be revised. The World Bank board of directors is to consider the investigation report and management’s response, which includes an Action Plan, on [26 February 2015].

The Inspection Panel, the World Bank’s independent accountability mechanism, found that the bank violated its own policies in Ethiopia. The investigation was prompted by a formal complaint brought by refugees from Ethiopia’s Gambella region concerning the Promoting Basic Services (PBS) projects funded by the World Bank, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), the African Development Bank, and several other donors.

“The Inspection Panel’s report shows that the World Bank has largely ignored human rights risks evident in its projects in Ethiopia,” said Jessica Evans, senior international financial institutions researcher at Human Rights Watch. “The bank has the opportunity and responsibility to adjust course on its Ethiopia programming and provide redress to those who were harmed. But management’s Action Plan achieves neither of these goals.”

The report, leaked to the media in January, determined that “there is an operational link” between the World Bank projects in Ethiopia and a government relocation program known as “villagization.” It concluded that the bank had violated its policy that is intended to protect indigenous peoples’ rights. It also found that the bank “did not carry out the required full risk analysis, nor were its mitigation measures adequate to manage the concurrent rollout of the villagisation programme.” These findings should prompt the World Bank and other donors to take all necessary measures to prevent and address links between its programs and abusive government initiatives, Human Rights Watch said.

Rather than taking on these important findings and applying lessons learned, World Bank management has drafted an Action Plan that merely reinforces its problematic current course, Human Rights Watch said. The Action Plan emphasizes the role of programs designed to mobilize communities to engage in local government’s decisions without addressing the significant risks people take in speaking critically.

The Inspection Panel also found that the bank did not take the necessary steps to mitigate the risk presented by Ethiopia’s 2009 law on civil society organizations. The law prohibits human rights organizations in Ethiopia from receiving more than 10 percent of their funding from foreign sources. As a result of the law, most independent Ethiopian civil society organizations working on human rights issues have had to discontinue their work.

The plan also pledges to enhance the capacity of local government staff to comply with the bank’s policies and to provide complaint resolution mechanisms without addressing the role of the local government in human rights abuses. This continues an approach of seeing the officials implicated in human rights abuses as a source of potential resolution, Human Rights Watch said. Management has also concluded, contrary to the Inspection Panel, that the World Bank is adequately complying with the bank’s policy to protect the rights of indigenous peoples.

Human Rights Watch research into the first year of the villagization program in the western Gambella region found that people were forced to move into the government’s new villages. Human Rights Watch found that the relocation was accompanied by serious abuses, including intimidation, assaults, and arbitrary arrests by security officials, and contributed to the loss of livelihoods for the people forced to move. While the Ethiopian government has officially finished its villagization program in Gambella, it is forcibly evicting communities in other regions, including indigenous people, ostensibly for development projects such as large-scale agriculture projects.

Donors to the Ethiopia Promoting Basic Services Program, including the World Bank and the UK, have repeatedly denied any link between their programs and problematic government programs like villagization.

Human Rights Watch has long raised concerns over inadequate monitoring and the risks of misuse of development assistance in Ethiopia. In 2010 Human Rights Watch documented the government’s use of donor-supported resources and aid to consolidate the power of the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). Government officials discriminated on the basis of real and perceived political opinion in distributing resources, including access to donor-supported programs, salaries, and training opportunities. Donors have never systematically investigated these risks to their programming, much less addressed them.

The Inspection Panel report is the first donor mechanism that has investigated the donor’s approach to risk assessment in Ethiopia. Although the Inspection Panel adopted a narrow view of its mandate and decided explicitly to exclude human rights violations, its findings underscore the need for donors to considerably enhance and broaden their risk assessment processes in Ethiopia. These processes are crucial for ensuring that their programs advance the social and economic rights of the people they are intended to benefit, without violating their human rights. Management’s response misrepresents the panel’s view of its mandate, erroneously concurring “with the panel’s conclusion that the harm alleged in the Request cannot be attributed to the Project” – the Inspection Panel report makes no such sweeping conclusion.

“The bank directors should send management’s response and Action Plan back and insist on a plan that addresses the Inspection Panel’s findings and the concerns of the people who sought the inquiry,” Evans said. “A meaningful Action Plan should address the program in question, bank-lending in Ethiopia more broadly and how to apply lessons from these mistakes to all bank programing in high-risk, repressive environments around the world.”

The Action Plan should include provisions for high-level dialogue between the bank and the Ethiopian government to address key human rights issues that are obstacles to effective development, Human Rights Watch said. These issues include forced evictions and development-related displacement, restrictions on civil society, including attacks on independent groups and journalists, discriminatory practices, and violations of indigenous peoples’ rights.

The plan should include provisions for identifying and mitigating all human rights risks and adverse impacts at the project level and for independent monitoring to make sure these concerns are fully addressed. The plan should also include provisions for people affected by projects to be involved in projects from their conception and remedies for people negatively affected by bank projects.

Given the climate of fear and repression in Ethiopia, Gambella residents who brought the complaint to the bank and have taken refuge in South Sudan and Kenya are unlikely to feel safe returning home. In light of this, the Action Plan should address their most urgent needs abroad, including education and livelihood opportunities, Human Rights Watch said.

The Inspection Panel’s findings also have wider implications for donor programming in Ethiopia. Donors’ current appraisal methods do not consider human rights and other risks from their programs. The panel highlighted particular problems with budget support or block grants that cannot be tracked at the local level.

“The Inspection Panel report illustrates the perils of unaccountable budget support in Ethiopia,” Evans said. “Donors should implement programs that ensure that Ethiopia's neediest participate in and have access to the benefits of donor aid.” 

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

The first lot for Mojo – Hawassa Expressway project, which stretches for 93 kilometers, is awarded to a South Korean construction company, Keangnam Enterprises Limited, by Ethiopian Roads Authority (ERA). Workeneh, Gebehu, Ethiopia’s Minister for Transport, explained the firm won the bid for the first lot of the entire 209 kilometers.
Even if Keangnam has won the bid the agreement between ERA and the company is not yet concluded.
The project is going to be financed partially from a loan that will be secured from the South Korean Government. The difference will be covered by a state funding and the project is expected to commence in the current fiscal year.
Upon completion a toll road is expected to connect the capital city of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, with the capital of the State of Southern, Nations, Nationalities and Peoples.
Samsun Wondimu, Public Relations Head at the Authority, explained Keangnam is going to handle the first phase of the project that stretches from Meki to Batu (Zeway).
For the first segment of the entire project that is 56 kilometers, Mojo – Meki road section, African Development Bank (AfDB) approved a USD 126 million loan. The federal government on the other hand is going to contribute USD 99.1 million to fund costs, local taxes, resettlement compensation and other expenses.
In addition to this AfDB is also going to provide USD 2.44 million for the purpose of helping ERA build its capacity.
Tender is also floating for a toll road project that stretches from Mojo to Meki, Samson noted.
The entire Mojo – Hawassa Highway project is going to be 209 kilometers and the first phase stretches for 93 kilometers. The first phase is going to be new asphalt road.
The remaining 116 kilometers is expected to be financed by a loan from the World Bank, for the bank has promised to finance the project. The project s going to stretch from Batu (Zeway) to Hawasssa. This phase of the project is also divided into two segments; Zeway-Arisi Negele and Arisi Negele-Hawassa.
The entire project is said to be part of the Mombasa – Nairobi – Addis Ababa highway project. The later project is said to boost Ethiopia’s agri – business and regional trade among the countries it crosses through.
Workneh also explained the government is working on the process of implementing the Adama – Awash toll road which is an extension of Addis – Adama toll road in the Addis – Djibouti corridor.
He furthered the Addis – Awash project will be commenced in the next fiscal year. The government is looking for financers or the realization of the project, he added.
The Ministry of Transport is also exploring for possibilities to include the Addis-Adama toll way and the Lebu-Akaki-IT Park (Goro) outer ring roads in the toll roads system. According to Capital, Akaki – IT park road project will connect the express way to the Northern and North eastern parts of the city. This project is going to be 14.5 kilometers.
On the other hand Akaki – Lebu project, which is 13.6 kilometers, will connect Addis – Adama toll road with the Western and South – Western parts of the capital city.
Source: Capital

Monday, February 23, 2015

ፎቶ ከ ተፈሪ ታደሰ

  • በከተማ ታሪክ ከፍተኛ በተባለው በዚህ የእሳት ኣደጋ በሰው ህይወት እና በንብረት ላይ ጉዳት ደርሷል፤
  • ኣላሙራ ኣዲሱ ገበያ ሙሉ በሙሉ ወድሟል፤
  • በተመሳሳይ ምሽት በቱላ ክፍለ ከተማም ሁለት ቤቶች በቃጠሎው ሙሉ በሙሉ መውደማቸው ታውቋል፤
  • የከተማዋ ኣስተዳደር መሰል የእሳት ኣደጋዎችን ለመቆጣጠር ያለው ዝግጅትና ብቃት ጥያቄ ውስጥ ገብቷል፤

በሲዳማዋ መዲና ሐዋሳ ከተማ በሁለት ክፍለ ከተሞቿ በተነሱ የእሳት ኣደጋዎች በሰው፤ በእንስሳት እና በንብረት ላይ ከፍተኛ ጉዳት ደርሷል። የእሳት ኣደጋ የደረሰው በኣላሙራ ኣዲሱ ገበያ እና በቱላ ክፍለ ከተማ ነው።

የወራንቻ ኢንፎርሜሽን ኔትዎርክ የኣይን እማኞችን ጠቅሶ እንደዘገበው፤ በታቦር ክፍለ ከተማ ፉራ ቀበሌ በሚገኘው በተለምዶ ኣዲሱ ገበያ ተብሎ በምጠራው ስፍራ ላይ ባለፈው ቅዳሜ ከምሽቱ አንድ ሰዓት ላይ የተነሳው የእሳት አደጋ ገበያውን ሙሉ በሙሉ አውድሟል።

ባልታወቀ ምክንያት በተከሰተውና ከሰዓታት በቆየው የእሳት ቃጠሎ አንድ የአንድ አመት ከስድስት ወር ህጻን ልጅ ህይወቱ ሲያልፍ በአንድ አዛውንት ላይ ደግሞ ከባድ ጉዳት መድረሱን ገልጸዋል የመንግስት ዜና ኣውታሮች የዘገቡ ቢሆንም ከተለያዩ ምንጭ የተገኙ መረጃዎች የጉዳት መጠን ከፍተኛ መሆኑን ያመለክታሉ፡፡
የእሳት ቃጠሎውን ለማጥፋት የሀዋሳ ከተማ ማዘጋጃ ቤት የእሳት አደጋ መከላከያ ብርጌድ፣ የሀዋሳ ጨርቃ ጨርቅና የሻሸመኔ ከተማ እሳት አደጋ መከላከያና የክልሉ ልዩ ሀይል ፖሊስ እሳት አደጋ መከላከያ እንዲሁም የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች የተሳተፉ ሲሆን፤ የከተማው ኣስተዳደር መሰል ኣደጋዎችን ለመቆጣጠ ያለው ዝግጁነት እና ብቃት ኣነስተኛ መሆኑ ለጉዳቱ መባባስ ምክንያት መሆኑ ታውቋል።
በተጨማሪም ትናንት ሌሊት 8 ሰዓት ላይ በከተማው ቱላ ክፍለ ከተማ በተከሰተ ድንገተኛ የእሳት አደጋ ሁለት ቤቶች በቃጠሎው ሙሉ በሙሉ መውደማቸውን ከስፍራው የደረሰን ዜና ያስረዳል።

ወራንቻ ኢንፎርሜሽን ኔትዎርክ በደረሰው የህይወትና የንብረት ውድመት የተሰማውን ልባዊ ሐዘን በዚህ ኣጋጣሚ ይገልጻል።
ብሔራዊ የካንሰር ኢንስቲትዩት ይፋ ያደረገው ጥናት እንደሚለው ከሆነ ቡና ሜላኖማን የመከላከል ኃይል አለው፡፡
447ሺህ 357 ሰዎችን ያሳተፈውና በአማካይ ለ10 ዓመታት የዘለቀው ይህ ጥናት ቡና በብዛት የሚጠጡ ሰዎች ለበሽታው ያላቸው ተጋላጭነት አነስተኛ መሆኑን አመላክቷል።
Image result for coffeeበመሆኑም በቀን አራት ስኒ ቡና ወይም ከዚያ በላይ የሚጠጡ ሰዎች ለሜላኖማ የመጋለጥ ዕድላቸው ቡና ከማይጠጡ ሰዎች በ20 በመቶ ያነሰ መሆኑን ጠቁሟል።
ይሁንና የጥናቱ ውጤት ያንኑ ናሙናው የተወሰደበትን ማህበረሰብ እንጂ ሌሎችን እንደማይወክልና በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጨማሪ ጥናት እንደሚያስፈልግ ተመራማሪዎቹ አልሸሸጉም።